Viruses that can cause disease in humans and animals and have many species are called “Coronavirus”. These viruses, which often cause colds in humans, can also lead to tables leading to loss of life. The SARS-CoV virus epidemic that started in 2002 in Guangdong Province of China has spread to 17 countries worldwide. In this epidemic, 8098 people became ill and 774 people died. The MERS-CoV virus epidemic that started in Saudi Arabia in 2012 affected 27 countries worldwide and 861 of the 2499 people who were caught in the epidemic died.
How Did Coronavirus (Cov19) Disease Occur?
It was noticed that in the last days of 2019, there was a cluster of pneumonia cases admitted to the hospital in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China. The first cases are epidemiologically related to an animal market in Wuhan. On 27 December 2019, three patients were admitted to a hospital in Wuhan with the diagnosis of severe pneumonia. The first case is a 49-year-old woman who was a fishmonger in the animal market in Wuhan. In this case, the disease showed symptoms with fever, cough and chest tightness on December 23, 2019. After four days, his fever subsided, cough and shortness of breath increased, and findings compatible with pneumonia were observed in Thorax CT. The second patient is a 61-year-old man who often shoppers from the animal market. In this case, fever and cough started on December 20, 2019. The patient applied to the hospital one week later with respiratory distress. In the first two days at the hospital, it gradually deteriorated and was intubated and connected to the mechanical ventilator.
How is Coronavirus Transmitted?
Samples taken in the first patients were tested for many known pathogens. A new Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been identified, which is 85 percent similar to the bat SARS-CoV virus. The virus was found to be transmitted by droplet and close contact. On January 1, 2020, the animal market in Wuhan, which is thought to be the exit of the virus, was closed.