Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium “Chlamydia trachomatis”. While it causes cervical infection (cervicitis) in women, it can cause urethritis and proctitis in both women and men.
Chlamydia infection can cause much more serious problems in women such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.
How common is chlamydia infection?
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterial origin in the USA. 2.8 million people annually go to the doctor for treatment. In fact, the number of patients who consult a doctor does not reflect the truth, because although many people have Chlamydia bacteria, they do not cause any symptoms and these people do not consult a doctor. Chlamydia infection is more common among young people. 2/3 of the new cases are seen between the ages of 15-24.
Chlamydia is also common among men who have sex with men. In the samples taken from the breechs of this group of men, the rate of Chlamydia infection is between 3-10%; The rate of Chlamydia infection in cultures taken from the throats ranges from 1-3%.
How is Chlamydia transmitted to humans?
Chlamydia infection is transmitted through sexual intercourse by penis, vagina, mouth or anal. The infected person does not necessarily have to be emptied for the transmission of chlamydia infection. Chlamydia infection can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse without ejaculation. Pregnant children with anal or vaginal Chlamydia infection can get infected during childbirth. May cause eye and lung infection in the newborn baby.
What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
Chlamydia is known as a silent infection because most infected people have no symptoms or no signs of examination. Although it is not known exactly how long the infection will occur after sexual intercourse with a person who has a chlamydia infection, the complaints can take weeks to appear.
Only 10% of males and 30% of females have complaints of chlamydia.
In women, bacteria first infect the cervix (cervicitis) and associated complaints (eg mucopurulent discharge, vaginal bleeding). Sometimes the urinary tract becomes infected (urethritis), which can cause burning, urinating frequently, or leukocytes during urine analysis.
The infection that starts from the cervix can sometimes spread to the uterus and reproductive tract tubes; This may result in a condition called pelvic inflammatory disease that can cause women to become infertile. Pelvic inflammatory disease may not cause complaints, but also severe pelvic pain and tenderness during genital examination.
Males with complaints typically show signs of urethritis (mucus or fluid-like discharge from the penis, burning when urinating). A small proportion of infected men may develop epididymitis, and these patients experience unilateral ovarian pain, ovarian tenderness and swelling.
Chlamydia bacteria can also cause breech infections in both women and men. While chlamydia in the breech often does not cause any complaints, it may rarely cause complaints of proctatitis (pain in the breech, discharge from the breech, bleeding in the breech).
If the genital secretions of people with chlamydia infection get into the eyes; eye infection (conjunctivitis) may develop.
Chlamydia infection can settle in the throat after oral sex with an infected person, but it usually does not cause any complaints. (Does not do pharyngitis)
We recommend that you read our coronavirus article, which has recently become a major epidemic. “What is Symptoms Coronavirus?”