It is a nose-throat disease caused by catarrhal viruses. More than 200 viruses have been found to cause flu. Another name for the disease is the common cold. The main viruses that cause the disease are; rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses. The disease is more common in autumn and winter. The incubation period of the disease is 24 – 72 hours. The duration of the common cold is usually up to 1 week. This period may be extended in young children. Flu is often confused with flu disease. However, it is a disease that progresses more mildly than flu. The biggest difference between flu and flu is that there is no runny nose in the flu.
Who gets the common cold (Flu)?
With a cold, the child can be seen at any age. Antibodies passed through the mother for the first 6 months protect the baby. In the following period, it is considered normal for a child to have 6-8 attacks a year. With the school period, the number increases as the child starts to be in more crowded environments. Adults can have 2-3 attacks per year.
How is the common cold (Flu) transmitted?
It is transmitted from person to person as a result of the nasal throat secretions of people with a common flu scattering through the droplet. The main factors that increase the infectivity are:
- Poor hygiene (inadequate hand washing, contact with sick person’s belongings, cleaning of toys in kindergartens),
- Close contact with people who have a cold,
- Smoking or being in a smoking environment,
- Insufficient sleep,
- The immune system is weak,
- Crowded and poorly ventilated environments, public transportation vehicles,
- Public places such as nursery, school, kindergarten.
What are the symptoms of a cold (flu)?
The main symptoms of the common cold are:
- Fever (not too high),
- Sore throat, burning in the throat,
- Runny nose, stuffy nose,
- Dry cough,
- Feeling watery and burning in the eyes,
- Fullness in the ears,
- Weakness and fatigue.
How to treat a common cold (Flu)?
There is no special treatment for the common cold. If the patient does not develop sinusitis, bronchitis or middle ear infection, antibiotics are not used. Disease symptoms usually last 10 days. However, if complications occur, the duration of the disease is extended. General treatment principles are to reduce the pain of the patient with painkillers and to breathe easily with nasal openers. It is useful to take plenty of fluids in this process. Moistening the room air allows the patient to breathe easily. You can gargle the throat. If necessary, some medicines used to treat colds can be used. Herbal teas are also very useful for the cold. It is important to consume plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Bed rest should be done as much as possible. A mask can be used to prevent contamination. Hand cleaning is very important in not transmitting the disease.
What is good for a cold?
- Mint and lemon
- Gingerbread honey
- Milk with cinnamon honey
- Lemon linden
- C vitamin
- Throat lozenges
- Echinacea tea
It is necessary to pay attention to the following to prevent colds;
- Washing hands frequently,
- Not touching the hands to the nose and eyes,
- Airing the environment frequently,
- Not smoking and not being in a smoking environment,
- Cleaning of toys in kindergartens and nurseries.